A guide to setting up own garden in your backyard
Women play a central role in Agriculture but despite this, they receive little support if any; the worst of them being dispossessing them rights over land. As such, economical use of land space is key when they get it. This post therefore highlights major considerations to look at when thinking about where to grow fruit and vegetables in your garden for best results:
Choosing your site
- Try to find a sunny spot with good drainage. A south-facing aspect is ideal.
- Avoid overhanging tree branches and shade cast by buildings or hedges.
- Make sure there is plenty of water. Avoid the area next to hedges as this tends to be dry.
- Provide shelter from wind. You may need to put up a windbreak.
- Make sure there is protection from marauding wildlife. You may need a chicken-proof fence if you are keeping free range chickens.
Fruit and vegetable plots require quite a lot of work – planting, weeding, watering, tying, harvesting, manuring and so on. So make your life as easy as possible by designing the plot ergonomically – making it low maintenance.
A good idea is to divide your plot into four areas – this enables you to rotate the crops, minimizing disease problems.
Ensure the paths between the beds are wide enough to take a wheelbarrow, and have a hard surface – paving slabs will stop your feet getting too muddy. Beds about 1.2m (4ft) wide with paths all around are perfect, because you can water and weed without getting on to the bed.Make sure there is a source of water nearby. It’s worth forking out a few quid and getting an outdoor tap or a well. You’ll appreciate it on those hot, sunny days when you don’t have to carry heavy watering cans hundreds of yards
There’s room for a few fruit and vegetables in any garden, no matter how small.
You don’t have to have a dedicated fruit and vegetable plot to grow them successfully. You can mix them in with your flowering plants. It’s what cottage gardeners have done for centuries.
You can grow vegetables among ornamentals (or vice versa). There are many varieties which have ornamental qualities, such as red flowered beans, crinkly leaved lettuce, black French beans and yellow tomatoes. Even the frilly foliage of the humble carrot is pretty.
Use vertical spaces in the garden – storey gardens. Then there are containers. A patio of potatoes, prize petunias and pelargoniums will get them talking! Salad leaves, herbs, courgettes and climbing beans all grow perfectly well in containers. On a warm sunny patio, add tomatoes and sweet peppers to the list.
Developing a productive garden
Growing vegetables and fruit successfully is basically no different to growing ornamental plants successfully. Take care of them and they’ll take care of you. Start with good plants or seed, give them what they want: food, water and light – and they’ll do the work for you.
Improving the soil
Vegetables and fruits need a lot of nutrients to grow, and where do you think they get all the nutrients they need? Yes, the soil. It’s therefore important to incorporate lots of bulky organic manure.